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Causes of back pain when pregnant:

The problem of back pain is a common problem during pregnancy, as its prevalence ranges from fifty to seventy percent among pregnant women, and it can occur during any period of pregnancy, but it may increase dramatically in the last stages of pregnancy due to the growth of the child. Back pain during pregnancy causes problems and obstacles for the pregnant woman, such as the inability to sleep adequately and well, and it may also hinder the ability to carry out daily activities.


Causes of back pain when pregnant:

Where there are many reasons that lead to the occurrence of back pain during pregnancy, and among the most common reasons:


 Weight gained:

As the woman gains between twenty-five to thirty pounds during her pregnancy, and this weight is considered normal, but it bears the spine responsible for supporting and carrying it, and it is natural that the weight of the fetus and the uterus will put pressure on the blood vessels and nerves in the pelvis and back, which will cause pain. lower back.


 Changes in posture:

 Where pregnancy causes a change in the center of gravity in the body, and thus this leads to a gradual change in the position of the body and the way it moves in order to cope with that change, which causes stress and pain in the back area.



Hormonal changes:

Where the hormone relaxin is secreted during pregnancy in order to prepare the body for the birth process. Heed, this hormone causes the ligaments and joints in the pelvis to relax, but it may also relax the spinal ligaments, causing pain in the back.


Muscle separation:

 The muscles extending from the rib cage and up to the pubic bone in the middle are separated due to the enlargement and expansion of the uterus, and this separation may lead to worsening back pain.


 Feeling nervous:

 Where the feeling of tension causes tension in the muscles of the back, which results in back pain. Thus, it can be said that back pain increases with increased tension.


Practices taken to relieve back pain in a pregnant woman:

Among the practices that can be taken to alleviate back pain in a pregnant woman:

 Exercise:

As practicing sports helps to remove and relieve back pain, but before starting to exercise it is necessary to consult a doctor, and among the exercises commonly used are walking, and weights exercises that help to strengthen the muscles of the back, legs and abdomen; And stretching exercises, which increase the flexibility of the muscles of the back and feet, but must be done with caution; As practicing quickly or intensely, it may cause an increase in joint fatigue, and practicing yoga may also help, in addition to swimming, as it strengthens the abdominal muscles and lower back muscles and relieves joint and ligaments stress, and pelvic tilt exercises that relieve lower back pain By lengthening and strengthening the muscles of that area.



 Maintaining proper posture:

 These are like standing and sitting upright and moderately, using a footrest, in addition to using a pillow that is placed at the bottom of the back, not continuing to sit or standing for long and continuous periods, and making sure to use comfortable shoes that contain curving feet, and weights must be distributed when carrying them and making sure to carry them In a bending position, by bending the knees to relieve stress on the back.


Sleeping sideways:

Whereas, placing a pillow between the legs and another pillow to support and support the abdominal area, in addition to bending the knees and thighs when leaving the bed, and using the arms to support and push the body up.


Use of heat or cold:

Where there is some evidence of a short-term effect of heat in relieving and eliminating pain, and cold can also be used when pain does not respond to heat, although there is insufficient evidence of the effectiveness of cold in this, but it is necessary to ensure that the compresses used are covered, whether cold or hot. With a piece of cloth to protect the skin and skin.


 Massage and relaxation:

 Where the process of massage helps to alleviate pain and increase the feeling of relaxation, and relaxation helps to reduce the feeling of back pain when sleeping. Measures.


Back pain at birth:

 Some women may feel pain in the lower back during labor and childbirth, and although most women may suffer from slight pain in the back region during the birth process, about a quarter of women suffer from severe pain in the lower back during labor and childbirth, which is what most women try Avoid it, as this pain intensifies during contractions and in many cases it is painful during the extended period during contractions as well, and this type of labor is characterized by irregular contractions most of the time, slow progression and course, in addition to an increase in the length of the baby's pushing stage during childbirth. The fetus inside the womb; The orientation of the fetus’s face towards the mother’s abdomen may increase the likelihood of this type of labor, and some research has indicated that women who suffer from back pain during menstruation are more likely to occur regardless of the position of the fetus.

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