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Pharmacological treatments for urinary tract infection

 Urinary tract infection or infection is known as an example of an infection that occurs in the urinary system, whether in the kidneys, ureters, or bladder, and it is worth noting that the lower areas of the urinary system are more susceptible to infection of the urinary tract, and statistics indicate that a urinary tract infection It is considered one of the common health problems, and women are considered more susceptible to infection of the urinary tract, and often bacteria are the main cause of infection, and sometimes the infection may be caused by exposure to a fungal or viral infection.


Pharmacological treatments for urinary tract infection:

Where antibiotics are the routine treatment for a UTI, whether it is a simple or complex infection, but the type of antibiotic and the period of treatment depend on the site of the infection, its severity, and the cause of its occurrence, and examples of antibiotics used in the treatment of urinary tract infections are amoxicillin, fosfomycin, and cephalexin, The following is a statement of the types of urinary tract infections, and the treatment of each:


Lower urinary tract infection:

As this duration of treatment for healthy people using antibiotics for three days is sufficient, but some doctors prefer to use the antibiotic for seven days, but if the patient is a male and suffers from prostatitis, it is necessary to use the antibiotic for four weeks or more if necessary, and if The patient was female and there were early signs of damage to the kidneys, urinary tract disorders, or if the patient suffers from diabetes, the period of antibiotic treatment may extend from 5-7 days, and in the case of children, doctors are advised to take the antibiotic for ten days, and And some doctors advise to take some compounds such as phenazopyridine or any similar compounds for a day or two, in addition to an antibiotic to reduce the feeling of pain during urination.


 Upper urinary tract infection:

Usually, an upper urinary tract infection is rare, but it is more severe and more dangerous than a lower urinary tract infection, and the treatment of the patient also varies according to his health condition, if he is healthy and does not suffer from any health problems, he can receive treatment at home. Whereas, after taking intravenous fluids and taking a dose of intravenous antibiotic in an emergency, he can go home to complete the antibiotic treatment by mouth for a period ranging between 10-14 days, and if the patient is dehydrated and suffers from vomiting, he must Admission to the hospital, and taking the antibiotic through a vein for a specified period so that he can take antibiotics by mouth later, and it is worth noting that there are some cases of upper urinary tract infection that require taking treatment inside the hospital in addition to the previous case such as pregnant women, and people who Suffering from diabetes, or those taking immunosuppressive drugs) or those with kidney stones, or those who were exposed to pyelonephritis within a month of the infection, or people who did not respond to treatment outside the hospital.



Symptoms of a urinary tract infection:

As a patient with a urinary tract infection may exhibit the following symptoms:

  •  A burning feeling when urinating.
  •  The need to urinate more often.
  •  Suffering from mild pain in the pelvic area.
  • Feeling of pain in the back.
  •  High body temperature.
  • Change in the smell of urine.
  •  General fatigue in the body.
  •  Changing the color of the urine to brown or pink, which is evidence of blood in the urine.
  • And the presence of purulent secretions in the urine.


Categories most affected by urinary tract infection:

Where there are many factors that may make people more likely than others to develop a urinary tract infection, and we mention among these factors the following:

Gender:

As due to some histopathic factors, women face a higher risk of developing a UTI infection compared to men, as women have a short urethra and urethra compared to men, which allows bacteria to reach the bladder more easily.



 pregnancy period:

As it is known that pregnant women become more susceptible to infection with a urinary tract infection, especially during the period between the sixth week and the twenty-fourth week, due to the increase in the size and weight of the uterus, which prevents the complete production of urine from the bladder.


 After menopause:

As it causes hormonal changes that occur at the age of hope, women are more susceptible to urinary tract infection, due to the change in the beneficial bacteria responsible for fighting the microbes that cause infection.


Some health problems:

There are many chronic diseases that may increase the risk of developing UTI; And that if they affect the immune system in the body, and thus weaken the body's ability to resist harmful bacteria.

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