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The most important causes of shortness of breath

 Known as shortness of breath, slouch, dyspnea, shortness of breath, or respiratory slip is a feeling of difficulty breathing, or shortness and discomfort during breathing, and in fact the brain is the main center for regulating the breathing process, and the fact that there are many factors that have a role In the process of breathing; The main ones are oxygen levels, carbon dioxide, and hemoglobin levels. It is a protein found in red blood cells responsible for transporting oxygen in the blood, and in the event of high levels of carbon dioxide in the blood, the brain sends signals to the body to increase the respiratory rate, which leads to an increase in the speed or depth of the breath in addition to feeling short of breath.

General causes of shortness of breath:

 There are many non-medical reasons that can lead to shortness of breath, and they are:

The rise of heights:

Where many people can suffer from shortness of breath when they climb to high places, as a result of the low level of oxygen in altitudes above 1220 meters, and this condition often affects people who are not used to climbing heights, such as those who live near sea level, and those who They feel a lot of symptoms when they climb altitude; For example, uncomfortable shortness of breath and a feeling of light-headedness, and in fact these symptoms can last for several hours or days until the person adjusts to the matter, so that they disappear or lessen in intensity after that.


Poor indoor or outdoor air quality:

As inhaling polluted air can irritate the airways, which may lead to many symptoms. Such as shortness of breath, and asthma attacks.

Exposure to extreme weather conditions:

As the body uses additional energy in case of exposure to harsh weather conditions; For example, high temperatures, and this occurs in response to maintaining a normal body temperature, feeling pain as the feeling of pain may accompany a person's suffering from shortness of breath, regardless of the underlying cause of the pain.

 An example of this is the feeling of shortness of breath when trying to engage in a more intense physical activity than usual, or suffering from shortness of breath when climbing the stairs if the person does not exercise regularly, as it may be difficult for him to adapt to these conditions easily, which causes shortness of breath.

Heart-related causes:

As patients with heart disorders often suffer from shortness of breath, and the most prominent of these diseases can be explained as follows:

 Heart attack:

It is considered one of the heart diseases represented by a blockage in the arteries, which leads to an interruption of blood flow to the heart muscle, and a heart attack may result in suffering from shortness of breath, along with other symptoms; Like feeling pain or pressure in the chest, and in fact a heart attack is a medical emergency that requires immediate medical attention.


 Heart failure:

 It is a health condition resulting from the inability of the heart to pump blood to the various organs of the body, and it often occurs as a result of weakness or hardening of the heart muscle, and heart rhythm disturbances such as atrial fibrillation represented by acceleration and irregular heartbeat, or supraventricular tachycardia, which indicates acceleration Heart rate is regular, and both conditions may be associated with shortness of breath.


 Cardiomyopathy:

 It is a disease that affects the shape and size of the heart, where the heart muscle is thickened, swollen, or stiffened, and this disease can affect the heart’s ability to pump blood to the rest of the body, and the shortness of breath associated with this condition may be chronic.



Causes specific to the lungs and airways:

 Of the health conditions associated with lung or airway diseases, which may be the cause of the patient feeling short of breath, the most important of which can be explained as follows:

Asthma attacks:

As in some cases, shortness of breath may be an indication of an asthma attack, as asthma usually causes narrowing of the airways, and the production of mucus in greater quantities, which makes the passage of air through the air passages more difficult, and the patient may feel shortness of breath, coughing, and wheezing during breathing And this condition can be controlled using specific sprays specially designed for this, and it is also recommended to use a spacer that is connected to the patient's inhaler, allowing the drug to reach the lungs in larger quantities, thus relieving symptoms of shortness of breath.


 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease:

Whereas, shortness of breath is an indication that the patient's condition has suddenly worsened, which calls for taking appropriate measures to control symptoms and improve the condition, and shortness of breath may be chronic at times, and it is indicated that this disease often affects smokers in particular, whether they are current smokers Or earlier, and includes two main conditions, emphysema and chronic bronchitis.



Respiratory infection:

Among the symptoms associated with these conditions are shortness of breath, coughing, coughing with sputum, high body temperature, or increased mucus production, and infection caused by bacteria can be treated by prescribing appropriate antibiotics for the condition.


Asphyxia:

 Suffocation and blockage of the airway may occur as a result of inhaling food or any other object into the lungs, which constitutes an obstacle to the movement of air in and out of the lungs, taking into account the need to follow the appropriate procedure to remove the foreign body as soon as possible in order to avoid the damage and complications that may result from that.

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