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What are the causes of stomach pain

 The stomach is defined as a muscular organ located in the upper part of the abdomen, and the size of the stomach varies from person to person, as well as the size of the stomach varies from one meal to another, and in fact the stomach is one of the organs of the digestive system, and it is connected from the top to the esophagus, which is considered a similar organ With the tube that extends from the mouth and connects to the stomach to a point known as the gastroesophageal junction, and for the lower part of the stomach where it connects with the small intestine, specifically the first part of it, which is known as the duodenum, and this is worth noting that there is a large group of lymph nodes surrounding the stomach, The functions of the stomach can be summarized into three main functions, the first is the temporary storage of food, as it stores food for two hours or more, and the second function is to mix and destroy food by the action of contraction and extension of the muscle layers of the stomach, and the third and final function is to digest food.

Causes of stomach ache:

Where the main causes that may lead to pain and discomfort in the abdomen or stomach can be explained as follows

Indigestion:

 Anyone can suffer from bad or indigestion, whether it is due to bad eating habits or some chronic health problems in the digestive system, and in addition to stomach pain, osteoporosis can cause a number of other symptoms such as feeling full, even when eating a small meal Food, heartburn or esophagus, bloating, increased belching and flatulence, nausea and vomiting.


Constipation:

Where the consistency of the stool or the excretory habits of the patient changes in the event of suffering from constipation; Where he may notice that his stools have become very small or stiffer than usual, in addition to his need to increase the tension during the bowel movement, or the feeling that the colon is not completely emptied after the completion of defecation, and it should be noted that constipation is a very common health problem, and it can cause suffering. From bloating, pain and discomfort in the abdomen.



Irritable Bowel Syndrome:

 People with IBS do not have any damage or damage to the intestine, but despite this, they frequently and chronic suffer from a group of symptoms that appear together, such as cramps, intestinal contractions, and bloating, in addition to diarrhea or constipation.


 Gallstones:

Where this type of stones is formed as a result of the formation of solid deposits of bile in the gallbladder, and it should be noted that these stones can cause blockage of the bile duct, and the patient suffers from severe pain in the upper right side, and may lead to the occurrence of many serious health complications such as: Pancreatitis or acute cholangitis.


Peptic ulcers:

It is the appearance of an open ulcer in the wall of the stomach or duodenum, and peptic ulcers are often due to infection with H.pylori or as a result of excessive consumption of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which can irritate the mucous layer that lines and protects the digestive system.


Esophagitis:

Where the esophagus delivers food coming from the mouth to the stomach, and the esophagus can be exposed to factors that cause it to become inflamed or irritate its lining, such as infection with some types of bacterial or virus infections, or taking some types of drugs, and in this case the sufferer shows a set of symptoms such as heartburn, and pain in Upper abdomen, difficulty swallowing or pain when swallowing food.


Lactose intolerance:

People with lactose intolerance have difficulty digesting milk and its derivatives, due to the absence of the enzyme lactase in their bodies. It is an important enzyme for digesting the sugars found in dairy products, so sufferers suffer from bloating, gases and diarrhea if they eat milk or any of its derivatives.


Symptoms that require immediate medical attention:

  1.  Feeling sudden and sharp pain in the abdomen, especially if accompanied by a fever.
  2.  Feeling of sharp pain in the abdomen concentrated in a specific area, or increased pain when touching the abdomen.
  3. Severe vomiting, especially if the vomiting was bloody.
  4.  Inability to pass urine. Feeling of chest pain that extends to the abdominal area.
  5. Bloody stools or black stools.
  6. Yellowing of the skin and eyes.
  7. Abdominal pain accompanies shortness of breath.

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