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Causes of your child's infection with nosebleeds

 A nosebleed or nosebleed can be defined as bleeding from the nose as a result of rupture of the small blood vessels lining the nasal region, and nosebleeds are a common disorder in children, especially between 3-10 years of the child's age, which may seem dangerous, and here it should be noted that nosebleeds It usually does not indicate a serious health problem in the child, and it lasts for a short period, usually not exceeding 10 minutes, and stops without the need for treatment, or by following simple home treatment methods, and the nosebleed is not considered dangerous or from one of the reasons that may lead to the child's suffering From a lack of blood that reaches the stage of anemia, unless heavy bleeding is repeated for several weeks or months in a row.


Causes of nosebleeds in children:

Most cases of nosebleeds in children are classified as anterior nosebleeds, which is the bleeding that occurs in the front and soft part of the nose, and this part of the nose is characterized by its richness in small and minute blood vessels, which may be easily inflamed or irritated, which in turn leads to rupture and bleeding, and this is This type of bleeding is more common in children due to the decrease in the thickness of the lining of the nose during childhood compared to its thickness after adulthood. As for posterior nosebleeds, in which the bleeding is often more severe and more difficult to stop, it rarely affects children and there is an indication of some common causes that may lead to For nosebleeds in children:



Suction of mucous fluid from the nose:

Where the use of a nasal aspiration device leads to bleeding in some cases, especially if the part responsible for suction is inserted into a point deep inside the nose.


Nose injury:

It occurs due to the fragility of the blood vessels in the nose in children, so exposure to a minor injury to the nose such as hitting the ball, falling on the nose, or even rubbing the nose forcefully and inserting the finger into the nose may lead to bleeding, in addition to the forceful pushing of mucous fluid from the nose through exhalation In some cases, it may cause bleeding.


Nasal and sinus disorders:

As a sinus infection leads to nasal congestion and dryness of the mucous fluid, and a type of nasal allergy leads to an itchy nose, which results in the child trying to force the mucous fluid by exhaling or rubbing the nose forcefully, which in turn leads to the occurrence of bleeding .


pharmaceutical:

Where the use of some types of drugs, such as allergy drugs, may dry the lining of the nose and increase the risk of bleeding, and the use of some drugs may affect the blood clotting mechanism and increase the chance of bleeding, such as: aspirin and ibuprofen. It should be noted that the use of aspirin should be avoided. Perception of children because of other serious health complications it may have.


 Blood diseases:

Where severe nosebleeds that are difficult to stop in children may indicate a blood disorder that affects blood clotting, as these disorders are associated with blood platelets or clotting factors, such as hereditary hemorrhagic disease or hemophilia, and excessive bleeding of the gums or wounds may indicate infection With these disorders, it is worth noting that blood diseases are a rare cause of frequent nosebleeds.



 Histological abnormalities:

As some children may suffer from abnormal growth in nasal tissues, such as nasal polyps, which are often benign but cause bleeding, and here it is worth noting the need to treat these tissue abnormalities, and the risk of bleeding may increase if there are structural abnormalities in the nose in children.


 chronic diseases:

As some chronic diseases require oxygen therapy, or the use of some medications that may cause the lining of the nose to dry out, which results in a higher risk of nosebleeds as well.


 Migraines:

Where some scientists believe that nosebleeds are a precursor to migraine or migraine in children, as it was observed that nosebleeds often precede a migraine by about three years, and a study published in the European Journal of Neurology in Children in 2015 showed that 1.1% of Children suffer from nosebleeds during a migraine attack, and some scientists believe that the actual percentage exceeds this percentage.


Tips to prevent nosebleeds in children:

  • Refrain from smoking near the child.
  •  Consult a doctor if the child suffers from any type of allergy.
  • Use a home humidifier if the air in the house is dry, taking care to clean the device periodically to prevent the growth of fungi and germs inside the device.
  •  Putting Vaseline inside the child's nose several times a day to prevent the mucous membranes from drying out. Preventing the child from messing with the nose and inserting a finger, or forcefully exhaling to try to get rid of mucus.
  • Use a saline solution provided as nasal drops or a spray as directed by your health care provider. Instruct the child about putting several drops of warm water into the nose before exhaling forcefully to try to get rid of nasal congestion.
  • Use of antihistamine drugs if a child has an allergy to help relieve an itchy nose.
  • Ensure that the child wears the appropriate protective equipment while practicing various sports exercises.
  • Make sure to trim your child's nails regularly to prevent injury to the lining of the nose.

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