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Causes of loss of appetite and methods of treatment

Loss of appetite occurs when a person's desire to eat decreases, and he finds many reasons that can affect a person's appetite, and these causes contain mental problems and physical illnesses that a person can be infected with, and loss of appetite can cause symptoms such as weight loss or malnutrition, Finding the underlying cause of anorexia and treating it is essential.

Causes of loss of appetite:

Bacteria and viruses:

Where bacterial, viral, or fungal infections and others can cause loss of appetite. For example, it can be a result of a respiratory infection, pneumonia, gastroenteritis, colitis, or meningitis, and when these diseases are treated, the appetite returns as usual.

 Psychological reasons:

Where there are some different psychological reasons that may cause loss of appetite; As many elderly people and other people lose their appetite when exposed to a state of depression, anxiety, or sadness, boredom and stress can also cause loss of appetite.

cancer :

As a type of cancer may cause loss of appetite, weight loss, and among the types of cancer that may lead to loss of appetite: colon cancer, ovarian cancer, stomach cancer, and pancreatic cancer, changes in appetite are a common symptom of cancer; As people who suffer from loss or poor appetite may eat less than usual, or never feel hungry, or feel full after eating small amounts of food, and this may lead to serious complications including weight loss, loss of muscle mass and strength, and failure to get Get the nutrients the body needs.

Anorexia nervosa:

There are many people who suffer from anorexia nervosa, which is due to their anxiety about increasing their weight, and this anxiety becomes an obsession, which is an eating disorder that may cause severe weight loss. As these people follow a very low-calorie diet, anorexia nervosa has been diagnosed in adolescent women, as well as in older and younger women and men. As some of these people use different methods to lose weight due to their excessive concern about obesity, such as: vomiting, diuretics, and laxatives.

Treating anorexia:

Where the treatment of anorexia depends on the cause, for example if the cause of the loss of appetite is a viral or bacterial infection; The loss of appetite in this case does not need treatment. When the patient recovers from this infection, one's appetite returns as it was.

Home Care :

If the cause of anorexia is a medical condition such as cancer or a chronic disease, then it is difficult in this case to stimulate one's appetite, but eating with friends and family in addition to cooking food that the person prefers or eating in a restaurant will motivate the person to eat, in addition to In addition, light exercise may also improve a person's appetite, and one of the tips that may work with people who suffer from anorexia is to eat small meals instead of large meals during the day, as the stomach absorbs them better, with an emphasis that these meals are rich. With calories and proteins, the patient can try liquid protein drinks, and the patient can keep a diary to record the meals he consumes over a period of several days or a week, and this may help the doctor to evaluate the amount of food the patient consumes and the extent of the decreased appetite.

 Drug treatment:

Where the doctor can prescribe to the patient one of the medicines that open an appetite, and if there is malnutrition, the patient is also provided with the necessary nutrients intravenously, and the loss of appetite caused by the medicines is treated by changing the doses of these medicines or replacing the medicine with another, but it must be emphasized. Not to change the medication without informing the doctor and consulting him, and if the doctor suspects that the loss of appetite is caused by psychological, the patient is referred to a specialized psychiatrist to treat the cause, whether it is depression, an eating disorder, or a wrong use of medicines.