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Causes of children's vomiting and methods of treatment

Vomiting is one of the common things, and it is part of many diseases that may affect children and infants, and in fact vomiting cannot be considered a source of concern, as long as the child appears healthy, and it should be noted that in some cases vomiting may indicate a serious problem. This requires familiarity with the cases that require immediate medical attention, in addition to knowledge of how to deal with vomiting in cases that do not require a visit to the doctor.

Causes of vomiting in children:

 Vomiting can occur in children due to many factors and causes, including the following:

Infection with gastroenteritis:

Where this condition is considered the most common cause of vomiting and diarrhea in adults and children, and the symptoms of gastroenteritis are vomiting, diarrhea, and light fever, and gastroenteritis is due to many causes, including viruses such as rotavirus or bacteria such as Campylobacter. Or Escherichia coli, or parasites such as giardia.

Food sensitivity:

Where the symptoms of a food allergy may appear within minutes or hours of eating a certain food, and the symptoms are the occurrence of nausea, vomiting, and a rash, and it should be noted that it is necessary to contact the doctor immediately if a food allergy leads to the appearance of certain symptoms on the child such as shortness of breath, or swelling of the mouth Or throat.

Eating toxic foods or drinks:

Whereas, in cases where it is believed that this condition is responsible for the occurrence of vomiting in children, it is advisable to call the ambulance immediately, taking care to avoid forcing the child to vomit, or giving him any food or liquid, except in cases where advice is directed by Health care official to do this.

Bacterial meningitis:

As this inflammation represents a serious infection that affects the brain, and in fact, the possibility of contracting this type of infection has decreased since the development of the Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine, and the symptoms of bacterial meningitis are vomiting, a high temperature, severe crying of the child, and a stiff neck.

 Reflux or leakage:

As this condition occurs in infants without exerting any effort, unlike vomiting that requires effort, and this situation is noticed after the child breastfeeds milk, and it should be noted that the leakage process is a natural process for infants under the age of one year, as it helps to relieve A full stomach, which causes discomfort.

Methods for treating vomiting in children:

In fact, vomiting in children may cause a loss of fluids, salts, and minerals, and thus replacing them is considered important, and it is worth noting that the following steps are recommended to follow in the event of vomiting in children:

  1.  Refrain from giving the child milk or any solid foods if he is vomiting.
  2.  Giving the child small amounts of fluids, depending on the child's age.
  3. Gradually increase the amount of fluid given to the child, once vomiting stops for a period of 3-4 hours.
  4.  In cases where vomiting stops for a period of eight hours, it is recommended to follow the following, infants, to continue breastfeeding as usual, but in cases where infant formula is used, and it is advised to start giving it gradually, at a rate of two to four tablespoons, children, provide them with light foods This includes rice, apple juice, toast, cereals or crackers.
  5. In cases where vomiting stops for a period of 24 hours, it is advised to return to a regular diet, but if vomiting recurs during this period and after following the previous steps, it is recommended to review the doctor.