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Symptoms and causes of premature labor

 The period of pregnancy lasts for about nine months, which is equivalent to forty-two weeks, and a pregnant woman may undergo many physical and psychological changes during this period, but sometimes it is exposed to premature labor, and thus the fetus can be infected with many diseases that affect its health, and it may It leads to its death in some cases, so she must follow many tips to preserve her pregnancy, and in this article we will mention the causes of preterm labor, its symptoms, in addition to how to avoid it.

Symptoms of premature labor:

  1.  More vaginal discharge than usual.
  2.  Bloody or mucous secretions coming out of the vagina.
  3.  Secretion of fluid from the vagina, which is the amniotic fluid surrounding the fetus.
  4.  Vaginal bleeding.
  5.  Severe cramping.
  6. Contracture of the uterus.
  7. Sensation of pressure in the pelvis.
  8.  Severe pain in the lower back.

Causes of premature labor:


Where preeclampsia is considered one of the reasons that cause premature labor, and it results in an increase in blood pressure, and a rise in the level of protein in the urine, and in severe cases it may cause serious nervous attacks, and in fact childbirth is the best way to get rid of this problem, and prevention A health complication.

 Fetal distress:

Where excessive pressure on the fetus before birth or during childbirth may lead to suffering from what is known as fetal distress, represented by lack of oxygen in the fetus, which may lead to the death of the fetus in severe cases, and fetal distress can be inferred through a number of signs, such as slowing down Abnormal labor in labor, abnormal fetal heart rate.

 Impaired fetal growth:

Where the fetus may be exposed in the mother's womb to some developmental disorders, and this happens to many reasons such as a disorder of the placenta, infection with some types of infection, twin pregnancy, and some genetic disorders, which may lead to an increased risk of premature birth.

 Detachment of the placenta:

Where the function of the placenta is to transport food and oxygen to the child and get rid of the waste produced by the child, and the pregnant mother may suffer from what is known as early placental abruption, where the placenta separates from the uterus partially or completely before the birth of the child, leading to the emergence of many serious health complications in In case of failure to undergo the necessary treatment, such as severe bleeding, blood clotting disorder, failure of the kidneys and other parts of the body, and may lead to the death of the mother and fetus in some rare cases, and in the event of placental abruption, an emergency cesarean section must be performed.

Other causes of premature labor:

Where there are many other reasons that may increase the risk of premature labor, which is the suffering of the pregnant woman from some health problems such as high blood pressure, diabetes, exposure to psychological trauma, the occurrence of disorders of the uterus, placenta and cervix, smoking, and pregnancy again. During a period of no more than 6 months after a previous pregnancy. Suffering from obesity, or very low weight before pregnancy, and preterm labor in the past. Pregnancy through IVF, previous repeated miscarriages.

How to prevent premature labor:

  •  Drink enough fluids, especially in the summer.
  •  Avoid eating uncooked foods such as: raw meat, raw fish, etc. Because it contains a high percentage of bacteria and germs.
  •  Get rid of various psychological pressures, such as: tension and anxiety. Relax the body, and not exhaust it with strenuous exercise.
  • See the doctor firstly to make sure of the health of the fetus. Eat foods that contain an adequate amount of iron, to ensure that you do not develop anemia.
  • Take vitamin supplements available in the market, but you should consult your doctor first.
  •  Avoid smoking or drinking soft drinks. Maintaining an ideal weight and avoiding excess weight.