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Shoulder injuries and methods of treatment

 The shoulder is the largest and most complex joint in the body. The shoulder joint is formed as a result of the meeting of the humerus, which is the upper arm bone that resembles the shape of a ball, with the shoulder bone, which contains a cup-shaped cavity in which the humerus takes its position, and the humerus is connected to the shoulder joint in a way that gives it a wide range of movement, but in turn makes it vulnerable to injury With damage, it should be noted that the shoulder consists of a group of important parts, including the rotator cuff, which supports the shoulder and gives it a wide range of movement, which is a group of muscles and tendons that surround the shoulder, as well as the bursa, which is a small bag of fluid, which acts as a cushion to help Protection of the rotator cuff tendons, labrum, which is a ball-shaped cuff of cartilage; To match the humerus bone to which it is attached.

Shoulder injuries:

There are many injuries to the shoulder and they differ according to the cause, and among these injuries are:

Shoulder dislocation, or ACJ joint injury:

Where this injury can occur as a result of direct trauma to the shoulder, as in car accidents, or a fall on the arm while it is outstretched, as the acromioclavicular joint connects the upper part of the shoulder to the collarbone, and in this type of injury, the ligaments that support and ensure the stability of the shoulder are stretched Or it will be torn, thereby separating the joint bones and becoming dislocated.

 Shoulder sprain:

Where the shoulder sprain occurs as a result of stretching or tearing of the muscles or tendons in the shoulder, when the shoulder remains in one position for long periods of time, such as carrying a heavy backpack on one shoulder, or an improper sitting during writing and printing, or practicing sports that require overhead movements Arm repetition, such as swimming or tennis.

 A torn biceps tendon:

Where the biceps tendon tear occurs; As a result of a rupture of the tendon connecting the biceps muscle to the bone; The biceps extends the length of the upper arm, and helps the arm bend at the elbow, and rotate the arm from side to side.

 Labial tear:

Where the labrum tears occurs in the fibrous tissue that covers the shoulder socket and connects to the humerus bone, and the injury results from one trauma or repeated use of the shoulder, and the patient notices a cracking or cracking sound when moving the arm.

A torn shoulder:

Where a shoulder rupture occurs as a result of damage to the soft tissues that give the joint the property of movement and stability, and this tear may affect the tendons, muscles, and lips, and the tear may result during exercise, housework, or other work, or through a sudden injury, and it can be That athletes whose sport requires the practice of repeated movements, such as baseball, tennis, and weightlifting, have a torn shoulder, and its symptoms include pain, instability of the shoulder as if it has slipped from its place, and pain accompanied by weakness, or even paralysis in the affected arm.

 Rotator cuff tears:

And here it occurs as a result of a tear of the rotator cuff, and as a result of a tear of the muscles and tendons that connect the arm to the shoulder, and the rotator cuff consists of four muscles that help the shoulder to rotate, and four tendons that help the shoulder to stabilize, lift things, and move the arm in many directions.

Treatment of torn shoulder muscles:

 There are many ways to treat a torn shoulder muscle, including the following:

 Rotator cuff tear treatment:

Where the treatment of a rotator cuff tear includes rest, as the patient needs to rest, reduce activities, as well as avoid activities that cause shoulder pain, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as, ibuprofen, and naproxen can be used; To reduce pain and bloating. Physical therapy: Specific exercises can be practiced to improve movement, and to strengthen the muscles that support the shoulder, thus relieving pain, and preventing further damage, and the use of steroid injections, which are used in the event that rest does not succeed, medicines, and physical therapy in relieving pain, surgical treatment, as they help Previous treatments relieve pain and improve shoulder function in about 80% of patients, but some may need surgical treatment. Especially if symptoms last from 6-12 months, or if the shoulder is very weak or lost its function.

Treatment for a torn biceps tendon:

The treatment of a biceps tendon rupture occurs through the use of ice, as ice can be used for 20 minutes several times a day to prevent swelling, and what should be noted is not to apply ice directly to the skin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and rest that avoids lifting weights and activities Which includes the upper body; To reduce pain and reduce bloating. natural therapy. Surgical treatment.

Treating a torn labrum:

A lip tear can be treated with rest, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and physical therapy, and if these treatments are not successful, surgery can be used.