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Learn the causes of bleeding

Bleeding is defined as the loss of blood, whether inside or outside the body, and occurs in any area of ​​the body, and bleeding is considered internal when blood leaks through blood vessels or damaged organs, and when blood comes out from a wound in the skin, or through a natural opening in the body; Such as the mouth, vagina, rectum, or nose, and the bleeding is external, and the bruises are considered bleeding under the skin, and some cases of bleeding from gastrointestinal bleeding, vaginal bleeding, or blood accompanying coughing may be symptoms of other diseases, and it should be noted that some cases Bleeding causes problems in the victim; and some strokes are caused by bleeding in the brain.

Causes of bleeding:
Threatened miscarriage:
It is the occurrence of vaginal bleeding in the first twenty weeks of pregnancy, and about 20 to 30 percent of women are exposed to this. However, 50% of these women complete their pregnancy until delivery, and the main reason for exposure to a threatened miscarriage is usually unknown, and it is more common in women who have previously had a miscarriage, and it should be noted that the bleeding is usually accompanied by cramps in the abdomen, and thus the abortion Possibly, and non-menstrual uterine bleeding, where a woman's uterine bleeding is considered not menstrual, and when it occurs outside the normal menstrual cycle, it usually occurs during puberty and in the menopause stage, and at any time the hormonal balance of the female is disturbed. Among the medical conditions that cause abnormal uterine bleeding are PCOS, endometriosis, uterine polyps, and some sexually transmitted diseases.

Bleeding esophageal varices:
 It is a shortage of blood flowing to the liver as a result of a blockage, and blood collects in the nearby blood vessels, including the veins of the esophagus, and to accommodate the amount of blood flowing to them, they expand and expand, and these swollen veins are called esophageal varices, and when they are exposed to rupture, what is called bleeding esophageal varices occurs. This bleeding may be accompanied by symptoms that appear on the person such as bloody vomiting, stomach pain, black stools, or bloody stools in severe cases, and shock, which express an excessively low blood pressure as a result of blood loss.

Peptic ulcers:
These sores arise in the lining of the stomach or the lower esophagus, or small intestine, and usually occur as a result of inflammation caused by the stomach germ, as well as from erosion caused by stomach acids, and may be caused by other factors such as smoking, drinking a lot of alcohol, radiation therapy, stomach cancer, and others. And by not undergoing appropriate treatment, the patient may be exposed to complications of peptic ulcers, including internal bleeding.

Platelet deficiency:
Where the blood consists of many types of cells that float in a liquid called plasma, and include blood cells, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. And when a wound occurs in the skin, the platelets aggregate together, forming a clot to stop the bleeding, and so in case Low platelet count, the body cannot form clots, and bleeding continues, and platelet deficiency may result from some diseases such as aplastic anemia, vitamin B12 deficiency, folate and iron deficiency, HIV infection, exposure to radiation or toxic chemicals, and fibrosis Hepatic, and others.

Deficiency of clotting factors:
Clotting factors are proteins that help the blood to clot, so a deficiency of one of them, such as factor VII or factor X, causes excessive bleeding or prolonged bleeding after exposure to an injury or undergoing surgery. A deficiency in clotting factors occurs as a result of the body not producing enough of them, or because diseases or drugs interfere in their work.