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What are the reasons that lead to high sugar

 High blood sugar can be defined as a blood sugar reading that exceeded its normal limits, as the normal rate of fasting blood sugar ranges between 70-100 mg / dl, that is, before eating breakfast, and these rates rise slightly after eating meals. The normal sugar level when measured randomly is below 125 mg / dL, and accordingly it can be said that high blood sugar levels above these readings are considered abnormal, and it may indicate that a person has entered the pre-diabetes stage, or the true diabetes stage, and this does not prevent that there is Some other conditions that may cause high blood sugar levels as well, and blood sugar readings can be obtained by undergoing an examination in which a sample of blood is drawn in laboratories designated for this, or by simple glucose meters that are based on a finger prick with a light needle and use of blood In blood glucose analysis.

Causes of high sugar:

There are some factors and health problems that may cause high blood sugar levels, including type 1 diabetes, and this type of diabetes is explained by the person’s immune system attacking the pancreatic cells that produce insulin by mistake, due to the insufficient amount of insulin in the blood. Sugar levels rise , Since people with this type of diabetes need to take synthetic insulin throughout their lives, and it is also worth noting that type 1 diabetes patients make up 5% of the total number of people with diabetes, according to statistics conducted by the American Diabetes Association.

Type 2 diabetes:

It is often attributed the occurrence of this type of diabetes to the resistance of the body's cells to the secreted insulin, as the pancreas produces insulin but the cells do not respond to it, and in such cases it is required to make adjustments to the person’s lifestyle, as it is advised to exercise and make adjustments to his diet. Some types of medicine need to be dispensed, some given in the form of pills, and some that are given by injection.

Exposure of the body to factors that cause it severe tension:

They are like heart attack, stroke, severe diseases in general, as well as strokes, but it should be noted that high blood sugar in such cases is temporary.

other reasons :

There are some factors that cause high blood sugar levels in people with diabetes in particular, and they are:

 Failure to take an adequate dose of medicines intended to treat diabetes, including insulin, the expiration date of the insulin used by diabetics or the wrong injection of insulin, failure to adhere to the diet designated for diabetics, inactivity and lack of physical activities, and exposure to some types of infections Or diseases, undergoing surgery or exposure to an injury or blow, taking some types of medication such as steroids, and being subjected to emotional stress such as facing family problems or experiencing challenges at work.

Prevention of high sugar:

There are some tips that can be taken to prevent severe or chronic high blood sugar, including:

  1.  Limit your intake of foods high in sugars and carbohydrates.
  2. Take care to take medications prescribed by the doctor to reduce blood sugar levels in the event of suffering from diabetes, in order to avoid a sharp rise in it.
  3.  Get regular exercise and do physical activities.
  4. Adherence to the instructions of health care providers, especially in the event of a disease or suffering from some health problem.

Factors that increase the risk of high blood sugar:

In fact, science has not yet figured out the reason behind the immune system attacking pancreatic cells in the event of type 1 diabetes, but it is believed that there is a set of genetic and environmental factors that led to the emergence of the disease, and that the emergence of this type is not related to the nature of food Or exercise or the like, and on this it can be said that avoiding this disease is impossible, and it often appears in children or adolescents. As for the second type of diabetes, there are some factors that increase the chance of developing it, including suffering from weight gain Lack of physical activity, possession of genetic factors related to diabetes, and a family history of type 2 diabetes, as is the case when one of the parents or siblings has this disease, as well as exceeding the forty-five years of age increases the chance of developing type II diabetes, In addition, people who take medications that lower blood pressure or have exceeded blood pressure readings of 140/90 mm Hg are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.