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The most important causes of shortness of breath

Shortness of breath is a feeling of difficulty breathing, or shortness and discomfort during breathing, and it can be accompanied by other symptoms, such as the inability to breathe air in sufficient quantity, or wheezing represented by hearing a whistling sound when breathing, or feeling suffocating, and in general he can suffer Anyone who suffers from shortness of breath from time to time, and it is considered one of the natural symptoms that may accompany the practice of strenuous physical activities, and a severe change in temperature, but there are in some cases where the occurrence of shortness of breath may be an indication of a health problem that requires a visit to the doctor, especially when Suffering from sudden and severe shortness of breath that limits the patient's ability to practice daily activities, or in the event of a sudden change in the nature of breathing without an apparent reason, or breathing that worsens with time.

Causes of shortness of breath:
There are many non-medical reasons that can lead to shortness of breath, and they are:
 The rise of heights:
Where many people can suffer from shortness of breath when they climb to high places, as a result of low oxygen in altitudes of more than 1220 meters, and this condition often affects people who are not used to climbing heights, such as those who live near sea level, and who They feel many symptoms as they climb heights; Such as: uncomfortable shortness of breath and a feeling of light-headedness. In fact, these symptoms can last for several hours or days until the person adapts to the matter, so that they disappear or lessen in intensity after that.

 Poor indoor or outdoor air quality:
 As inhaling polluted air can irritate the airways, which may lead to many symptoms. Such as: shortness of breath, and asthma attacks.

 Exposure to extreme weather conditions:
Where the body uses additional energy in case of exposure to harsh weather conditions; Such as: high temperatures, and this occurs in response to maintaining a normal body temperature.

Pregnancy:
 Where a woman's body can undergo some physiological changes during pregnancy, and these changes may appear even before the woman is clearly pregnant, and it may seem like a sudden change for them, and this is a normal thing, and it is worth noting that these changes often affect the blood circulation. And the respiratory system, which may lead to many women feeling short of breath during pregnancy, and in fact, shortness of breath may last for a pregnant woman for several weeks.

For carbon monoxide poisoning:
Carbon monoxide is distinguished as a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas, and is usually produced by burning gasoline, wood, propane, coal, or any other type of fuel, and it may accumulate in the air to reach very high levels. It also occurs when it is leaked from devices and motors with poor ventilation, especially when they are in tightly sealed places, and its high levels may result in carbon monoxide poisoning, and once it is inhaled and enters the body, it binds to red blood cells, which prevents their ability to bind with oxygen, which is why It can cause serious tissue damage, or sometimes even death.

Heart causes:
 Patients with heart disorders often suffer from shortness of breath, and the most prominent of these diseases can be explained:
Heart attack:
It is considered one of the heart diseases represented by a blockage in the arteries, which leads to an interruption of blood flow to the heart muscle, and a heart attack may result in suffering from shortness of breath, along with other symptoms; Like feeling pain or pressure in the chest, and in fact a heart attack is a medical emergency that requires immediate medical attention.

 Heart failure:
It occurs when the heart is unable to pump blood to the various organs of the body, and it often occurs as a result of weakness or hardening of the heart muscle, and heart rhythm disturbances, such as atrial fibrillation represented by acceleration and irregular heartbeat, or supraventricular tachycardia, which indicates a regular acceleration in the heartbeat Both conditions may be associated with shortness of breath.

 Cardiomyopathy: It is a disease that affects the shape and size of the heart, where the heart muscle is thickened, swollen, or stiffened, and this disease can also affect the heart's ability to pump blood to the rest of the body, and the associated shortness of breath may be This condition is chronic.

Causes specific to the psychological state:
 Shortness of breath may be a symptom of anxiety or panic attacks, and it is explained in detail:
Anxiety:
It is a feeling of psychological discomfort, and it may be accompanied by feelings of fear and panic, and in general, anxiety attacks in some cases can lead to an imbalance in the breathing process, so that the speed of his breathing increases significantly in what is known as hyperventilation, and the patient may have difficulty breathing deeply, The inability to relax enough to allow air to escape from the body, and he begins trying to inhale large amounts of air without taking it out.

 Panic attacks:
 She suffers from severe psychological and physical symptoms, and it may occur very quickly without there being a clear reason for that, and its duration may range from 5 minutes to 20 minutes, and it may last for an hour in some cases, and panic attacks can be frightening and very disturbing, despite that. They do not pose a risk to the person's health, nor do they require hospitalization.
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