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The best treatments for ear infection

Earache is a common problem, especially for children, and ear pain can be sharp and tingling, or mild and painful. There are many possible causes for ear pain, such as sinus infections, earwax, tonsillitis, and tooth grinding, but the most common ear infection is acute otitis media, or otitis media, in which parts of the middle ear become inflamed and swollen, and a person may develop otitis At any age, however, children are considered more likely to have it, and this is due to the fact that their Eustachian tube is shorter and more horizontal, and the chance of developing otitis increases among smokers and people exposed to secondhand smoke, in addition to patients who suffer from seasonal allergies, as well as those with Colds, or an upper respiratory infection, and in fact, adults should, when they have otitis, pay more attention to symptoms, in addition to visiting a doctor, as this may be a sign of more serious health problems, unlike children, and often they develop simple cases From otitis media, they quickly recovered.

 Types of otitis media:
  External otitis: This type of inflammation appears in the form of a furuncle and locally, or it may exacerbate until it completely covers the external ear infection, and then the inflammation is called swimmer's ear, and in fact this inflammation occurs due to infection with bacteria, such as: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and volatile bacteria Commonly, the patient may suffer from pain in the affected ear, in addition to hearing loss if the auditory canal is swollen.

 Inflammation of the middle ear:
This infection is one of the most important reasons for visits to health centers in the world, and it has many types, as its acute affects children under two years of age, which leads to their feeling of pain in the infected ear, and also suffering from fever.

Inner ear infection:
This inflammation is also called labyrinthitis, or vestibular neuritis, as it causes the patient to feel dizzy or lightheaded, in addition to hearing ringing in the affected ear.

Ear infection treatment:
The treatment for otitis varies according to the type of infection, as follows:
Treatment for external ear infections:
Where many methods can be followed to treat this type of inflammation, in the event that you suffer from a mild or moderate infection in the outer ear, it must be cleaned well, and this includes removing the waste and debris in the ear, and preventing watering it, and then using topical antibiotics And corticosteroid compounds, such as: topical hydrocortisone to relieve inflammation, and acetic acid may be used in simple cases to change the acidity level of the auditory canal, and it should be noted that moderate cases of otitis externa need to use antibiotics in the form of a solution or suspension, such as Ciprofloxacin or ofloxacin, and severe cases or cases of suffering from cellulitis that may extend beyond the ear canal, and systemic antibiotics, in addition to pain relievers, such as NSAIDs are required.

Treating otitis media:
Doctors recommend waiting and waiting without resorting to the use of antibiotics, so that most patients feel better during the first days of infection with otitis media, and most infections go away without treatment within one to two weeks, and in fact doctors recommend applying hot water compresses to the affected ear to relieve pain. In addition to the use of pain-relieving drugs, such as: acetaminophen and ibuprofen, with caution when giving aspirin to children and adolescents, as for the use of antibiotics, it remains limited to some cases determined by the doctor, such as if the affected child is less than six months old. The antibiotic used to treat otitis media is amoxicillin.

Inner ear infection treatment:
And treatment of this type begins with monitoring the course of the disease, to see the extent to which it can improve alone without resorting to antibiotics, and this happens in nearly 80% of cases, and treatment remains limited to relieving symptoms, as doctors may prescribe anti-nausea, anti-viral, or compounds Steroid.