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Causes of weak heart muscle, and its symptoms.

Cardiomyopathy is known medically as cardiomyopathy, and it refers to diseases of the heart muscle, and what distinguishes cardiomyopathy is the increase in the thickness and enlargement of the muscle, and the word "myopathy" refers to the presence of muscle damage, and our heart is in fact a muscle, and when we say that there is a disease In the heart muscle, in fact, we refer to the fact that the heart muscle is sick and cannot perform its systolic function as required, and this results in the inability of the heart muscle to cover the body’s need of transporting oxygenated blood and removing carbon dioxide and waste products, and when the heart muscle becomes sick, it becomes stiffer, or Larger, or thicker, and in some rare cases, the cardiac muscle tissue is replaced by scar tissue, and there are many causes of cardiomyopathy, but in the end everyone shares the inability of the heart muscle to maintain the pumping rate or the pumped amount.

Cardiac muscle:
It is a large muscle the size of a fist, and it acts as a blood pump. That carry blood throughout the body, and the heart is located to the left of the middle of the chest,

Symptoms of cardiomyopathy:
Signs and symptoms of myocardial weakness may not appear in all patients, especially in the early stages of the disease, but these signs and symptoms often appear when the weakness of the heart muscle worsens, including:
  1. Shortness of breath with fatigue or even at rest.
  2. Swelling of the feet, ankles and legs.
  3. Feeling of shortness of breath when taking a flat position "stretching the body" and coughing, especially while sleeping at night, and the patient may wake up with sudden shortness of breath.
  4. Chest pains may be due to angina.
  5.  Irregular heartbeat and a feeling of palpitations and flutter in the heart.
  6. Feeling of constant fatigue and fatigue.
  7.  Headache, dizziness or loss of consciousness.
  8.  Some of the advanced symptoms of the disease, the patient may suffer from flatulence, high blood pressure, persistent cough, loss of appetite, and problems with urination.

Causes of weak heart muscle:
As the cause of the weakness of the heart muscle is unknown, but it may occur as a result of some cases, including the following:

  • Drinking alcohol over many years.
  •  Use of cocaine, amphetamines, and stimulants.
  •  Using some chemotherapy drugs and radiation to treat cancer. Iron buildup in the heart muscle, known as hemochromatosis.
  •  Sarcoidosis; It is a disease that causes inflammation and the growth of abnormal cells in the heart and other organs.
  •  Amyloidosis; It is a disorder that causes the accumulation of abnormal proteins. Connective tissue disorders.
  • Long-term high blood pressure.
  • The occurrence of cardiac tissue damage; As a result of a heart attack.
  •  Chronically fast heart rate. Heart valve problems. Metabolic disorders such as obesity, thyroid disease or diabetes.
  •  Lack of nutrients, such as: vitamins; Among them is thiamine (vitamin B1), or an essential mineral.
  •  Pregnancy complications.

Complications of weak heart muscle:
 Heart muscle weakness can cause the following complications:
Heart failure:
Heart failure occurs when the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the body's needs, and leaving heart failure untreated is life-threatening.

 Blood clots:
 Blood clots occur because the heart cannot pump blood effectively, and if these clots enter the bloodstream, they may block blood flow to other body systems, including the heart and brain.

 Problems with the heart valves:
 The heart valves may not close properly due to the expansion of the heart, causing blood to flow backward back into the heart. Cardiomyopathy and sudden death: Cardiomyopathy can lead to arrhythmias, which can cause coma, and in some cases cause sudden death if the heart stops beating effectively.

Diagnosing cardiomyopathy:
 The doctor can diagnose cardiomyopathy after reviewing your medical history and conducting a physical examination and some tests, and blood pressure, heart and lungs will be checked, in addition to radiography and other laboratory tests, and blood tests can be performed to evaluate the condition of the heart muscle, and it is preferable to do genetic tests As well as the rest of the family.