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Causes of phosphorus deficiency and know its sources

Phosphorus is one of the nutrients that humans need in small quantities in the diet, and it is considered one of the most important components in bones, and phosphorous in addition to magnesium and calcium makes up 98% of the weight of minerals in the body, and phosphorus and calcium are involved in a large number of cellular biochemical reactions as well. Two minerals are important in the formation of the human skeleton, and phosphorus is the second most abundant mineral in the body as it is found in every cell in the body, and most of it is found in bones and teeth, and it is also included in the metabolism of sugar and fats, in addition to being important in protein metabolism and production for growth , The repair and maintenance of cells and tissues, and aids in the production of adenosine triphosphate molecule; Which is used to form energy, and with the vitamin B group, it contributes to the kidneys' performance of their functions, muscle contraction, normal heartbeat, transmission of nerve impulses, in addition to maintaining the pH of the blood.

Lack of phosphorous in the body
Phosphorous deficiency is a rare occurrence, as the body can compensate for the lack of its consumption by reabsorbing phosphorous in the blood, and poor diets, eating disorders, and some health problems can lead to a deficiency of this element, and the following points show the most important causes of this deficiency:
Where severe cases of starvation can lead to a phosphorus deficiency, and problems may worsen in the event of a deficiency of other vitamins, such as vitamin D.

diabetic :
Where diabetes can lead to a deficiency of phosphorous, especially for people who recover from diabetic ketoacidosis, which means that the body does not produce enough insulin, and cannot break down fats and use them as an energy source, and as a result, acids accumulate in the blood, causing phosphorous deficiency.

Alcoholism: People with alcohol dependence have an increased risk of developing malnutrition, including hypophosphatemia.

Genetic disorders:
Some of these disorders affect the body's ability to store phosphorous, and these disorders are often caused by excreting too much phosphorous in the urine, or by not absorbing minerals from foods.

 Take some medications:
As some drugs can cause a decrease in phosphorous levels in the body, including: Insulin, corticosteroids, antacids, anticonvulsants or epilepsy.

Symptoms of phosphorus deficiency:
Phosphorous deficiency leads to many symptoms associated with bone, and can also cause a group of different symptoms, including:
  1. Bone pain, increased risk of fractures.
  2. Problems in the growth of bones and teeth in children. Anorexia.
  3. Anxiety and fatigue.
  4. Apnea, and irritability.
  5. Joint stiffness.
  6.  Numbness.
  7.  Weakness.
  8. Change in body weight.

Phosphorous deficiency treatment:
Where it is recommended to consume adequate quantities of phosphorus through following a balanced diet, and a doctor can be consulted to find out which foods should be eaten to cover the body’s need of this mineral, and it is possible to consume his nutritional supplements that are usually given to those who suffer from some health conditions that prevent them from consuming an adequate amount of Phosphorous through food, as some of these supplements are used to increase the pH of the urine, or to prevent the formation of calcium stones in the urinary system, while phosphorus is given by injection under the care and supervision of a doctor, and there are some medicines that are used to treat phosphorous deficiency, such as: sodium phosphate and phosphate Potassium.

Phosphorous sources:
Where phosphorus is found in many foods, the most important of which are:
 Chicken and turkey:
 They contain a large amount of protein, a group of vitamin B and selenium, and a cup of grilled chicken or turkey, which amounts to 140 grams contains approximately 300 mg of phosphorus, and constitutes 40% of the recommended consumption of it, and it should be noted that chicken Which has a light color and contains a greater amount of phosphorous compared to chicken meat, which has a dark color, but both of them are rich sources of this mineral.

Most nuts contain a good amount of phosphorus, and Brazil nuts contain the largest amount of phosphorous compared to the rest of the types of nuts, as half a cup of it equals 67 grams provides more than two-thirds of the recommended amount of phosphorus for adults, and 28.34 grams of almonds provide 136 1 mg of phosphorous.

Meat offal:
It is like; Liver, and the brain, which is characterized by these viscera as a source of highly absorbable phosphorus, 85 grams of fried beef brain contains 50% of the recommended amount of phosphorus, and the same amount of chicken liver contains 53% of phosphorus.

Most of these foods are a rich source of phosphorous, for example 85 grams of sardines contain 411 mg of phosphorus, which is equivalent to 59% of the recommended amount of phosphorus. Milk products: approximately 20-30% of phosphorus comes when consuming milk products such as cheese, yogurt, milk, and others in the American diet, and it is worth noting that dairy products that are fat-free or low in them such as milk contain the largest amount of Phosphorous, as one cup of lean milk contains 306 mg of phosphorous.
Risks of High Phosphorous:
Where high phosphorous is considered a rare occurrence, and it usually affects people who suffer from kidney problems, or problems in regulating calcium levels, and it is worth noting that high levels of phosphorus in the body can be toxic, and the following points show the risks associated with high phosphorous:
  •  Diarrhea, and hardening of the organs and soft tissues, when high levels of any type of minerals in the body.
 The possibility of affecting the body's ability to use other minerals effectively, such as iron, calcium, magnesium, and zinc, as this element can bind with calcium and form mineral deposits in the muscles.
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