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Collagen benefits and the most important types

Collagen is one of the most abundant types of protein in the human body, and it is a fibrous solid protein, insoluble, and constitutes approximately one third of the amount of protein present in the human body; Where it is found in the bones, muscles, skin, and tendons, where the molecules clump together in most types of protein to form long and thin fibres, and these fibers help such as supporting cells that link cells together; Which gives the skin strength, flexibility, and structure, and it is worth noting that there are approximately 16 different types of collagen, where the first, second and third types constitute 80-90% of the types, and the inner collagen is the natural collagen that is produced by the body, As for external collagen, it is the synthetic type that comes from external sources such as nutritional supplements.

Collagen benefits:
Collagen has many diverse health benefits for the human body, namely:
Help relieve joint pain:
Where with age, cartilage becomes weaker and tougher, which may cause joint pain and eating collagen can help relieve joint pain and symptoms of inflammation. Where one study found that people who took collagen type II supplements for 90 days had symptoms of arthritis by 40%.

Reducing skin aging:
With age, fine lines and wrinkles may begin to appear, and the skin may become sagging and dehydrated, too. Collagen has the ability to make skin bright, and it gives it vitality and elasticity, which gives a more youthful and healthy appearance to the skin.

Help build muscle and burn fat:
 Where collagen is one of the main components of muscle tissue, and therefore it greatly affects the building of muscle mass, and in addition to that it contains a concentrated amount of the amino acid glycine that goes into making creatine protein, which may help in providing the muscles with the energy needed during exercise. Athletic.

 Cellulite Reduction:
 It is a condition that appears when part of the sebaceous layer pushes upward towards the connective tissue, leading to slight indentation and lumpiness in the skin. It is worth noting that collagen helps to improve the appearance of cellulite, but more studies are still needed to confirm this. Improving the health of the digestive system: As collagen forms the connective tissue in the intestine, it therefore helps to support and strengthen the lining of the digestive system.

 It works to heal wounds:
This is done by building new skin cells at the site of the wound, which promotes healing, and collagen dressings can be used, which help to treat chronic wounds that do not respond to other treatments, wounds that secrete fluids such as urine or sweat, necrotic or moldy wounds, and burns of degree Second, but it is worth noting that it is not recommended to use collagen dressings in cases of third degree burns, or in patients with allergies to cattle products.

Helps regenerate tissues:
Where collagen-based membranes can be used to treat gums that promote the growth of certain types of cells, in oral surgery collagen barriers can prevent the rapidly growing cells around the gums from moving to the wound in the tooth, maintaining enough space to give the dental cells a chance to regenerate .

Peripheral nerve regeneration in prosthetics:
 Collagen tissue patches obtained from donors can be grown to help replenish the peripheral nerves in the vascular prostheses, but sometimes they may lead to a blood clot even if there is a compatibility between collagen prostheses and the human body.

Collagen types:
  1. The first type: This type makes up 90% of collagen present in the body, and it consists of dense fibers; It provides structure for the skin, bones, tendons, fibrous cartilage, connective tissue, and teeth.
  2.  The second type: This type consists of more flexible fibers, and it is found in elastic cartilages that connect the joints.
  3.  The third type: This type is responsible for the structure of muscles, organs, and arteries.
  4. The fourth type: which contributes to the filtering process; It is present in the layers of the skin.

Foods that promote collagen:
There are many foods that help increase collagen production in the body, including:
Aloe Vera:
Where it was used to help heal and soothe wounds, it was found that this plant increases collagen production when used topically through the mouth, which increases cell growth, and can be used in its pure form or through many products containing it.

Food rich in vitamin C:
As vitamin C is considered important for the production of hyaluronic acid and it is an acid that helps to speed up the recovery time and relieve joint pain, as it may help to promote collagen production in the human body. Examples of these foods are oranges, red pepper, kale, broccoli and strawberries.

 Ginseng: Eating ginseng helps boost collagen production; Studies have shown its ability to protect the skin from the damage of UV rays, and contribute to the glow of the skin, and the skin can absorb it without causing any negative reactions like those caused by many pharmaceutical and chemical preparations.

As coriander contains vitamin C, and linoleic acid, which is a powerful factor in fighting skin aging. Linoleic acid contains antioxidants that fight free radicals in the blood.

It helps to prevent harmful oxidation of cells, which keeps the skin elastic, and algae can be obtained in the form of nutritional supplements taken orally.