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Many children suffer from skinnyness, which is the occurrence of low weight according to their size and age, and it is possible to diagnose a child suffering from this condition if his body mass index is less than 5%, and this indicator measures weight in relation to height, usually used growth charts, and there are signs that can Parents note it and denote the thinness of the child, including keeping the child's clothes appropriate to his size over several months, and the emergence of the child's ribs. It is worth noting that the child's weight changes continuously during the growth phase, and the increase in his height is accompanied by an increase in weight. Sometimes short, due to increased height Failure to gain weight quickly, and in this case you should not be anxious as the weight will increase automatically. On the other hand, underweight may cause a delay in the child's development, because it needs many nutrients to grow properly, as it is linked to an increased risk of anemia. , Hair loss, and other health problems.

Diet to gain weight in children:
  • There is usually a lack of appetite in children who are underweight as well, which affects the intake of food. It is advised in this case to encourage the child to eat healthy foods, and it can also be given multiple vitamins in the event of a lack of nutrients, in addition to increasing The amount of calories he takes to reach normal weight. It is also advised to provide a balanced diet for the child instead of giving him unhealthy foods with high calories. There are many steps that can be taken to increase the child’s weight, including:
  • Providing at least five portions of assorted vegetables and fruits a day. Providing foods that contain good amounts of carbohydrates with every meal. These foods include potatoes, pasta, rice, and bread. It is also preferred to test the types of prepared whole grains. Eat foods rich in proteins, such as: beans, legumes, meat, fish and eggs. It is recommended that you eat two portions of fish every week, and that one of these portions of oily fish, such as salmon.
  • To provide different types of foods from all major food groups, and drink enough fluids, as it is recommended to drink 6 to 8 cups of them daily. Maintaining the physical activity of the child, as this helps to grow and strengthen his muscles and bones in a healthy way, and children over the age of five years need to practice medium-intensity activities for at least an hour a day.
  •  Providing four or five small-sized meals to the child instead of being satisfied with three main meals, as the child may not be able to eat them, as it is advised not to ignore any meal during the day, and encourage the child to eat several snacks on a daily basis, and avoid providing food with low nutritional value, Which contains large amounts of calories for a child; and these foods are empty calorie meals such as potato chips, soft drinks, and candy. Eat foods rich in vitamins and minerals that have high calories, such as: full-fat dairy products.
  •  Avoid providing liquids to the child at the time of eating, as it increases the feeling of satiety and reduces the amounts of food eaten, and the provision of foods prepared in a healthy way for the child, and it is recommended to cook the food using healthy fats such as: canola oil, or olive oil, in addition to avoiding adding salt to the food , And reduce the amounts of sugar provided to the child, and put fruits and vegetables within the reach of the child to eat as a snack instead of eating unhealthy foods.
  •  Changing the place where the child is eating meals, if this step can help him eat more foods, and it is advised to allow children of younger ages to eat on their own without the help of parents, and reduce the factors that cause the child’s attention during eating, such as: television, The phone, music, and meals with the family, as this encourages the child to eat and his healthy eating habits by observing the healthy choices of others.
  •  Introducing new foods to the child repeatedly until he accepts them to eat, and avoiding the use of food as punishment or reward for the child, and avoiding forcing the child to eat foods by force, and eating foods that help gain weight, and these foods include avocado, dark chocolate, dried fruit, chickpeas, and fetus Wheat, cheese, sour cream, and more.

Best food for overweight children:
Milk and cheese Milk and cheese are nutrients rich in calories and fats, in addition to providing the child with vitamin D, and calcium, all of which are important for the child's development. Full-fat milk can be used instead of water with breakfast cereals or even added to mashed potatoes, soups and hot chocolate, while cheese can Eat and put the news slices and sandwiches, and milk can be added to the juices with a few different fruits to increase the nutritional value.

Grains and nuts:
As it provides grains and nuts to children with many nutrients, such as mono fats, and trans fats important to obtain beneficial cholesterol, and children who love crunchy meals will enjoy eating grains and nuts. As for small children who may have liqueur in their throat, you can add peanut butter or hazelnut. For their food.
Where potatoes contain carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, as it is considered one of the best foods to gain weight, and it can start with children with mashed potatoes where the child is fed six to eight months between one to two spoons of mashed potatoes two to three times a week, and the child with Ten to twelve months can be fed between three to four tablespoons of mashed potatoes two to three times per week.

Protein-rich food:
Where protein must be added by eating fish, beans and eggs in the child’s food, as proteins help the growth and development of the child, as the importance of eating fish for the child’s growth is proven because it is very rich in omega-3, in addition to that the beans are very rich in minerals and vitamins and the same applies to eggs .