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Benefits and harms of exposure to the sun

The sun is one of the bright stars in the solar system, and its rays are extremely important to humans. The sun emits multiple types of rays towards the Earth, including psychological rays. The sun has some benefits when exposed to its rays in moderation. It is an essential source of vitamin D, but when exposed to sunlight in a way Excessively, especially during the afternoon, they cause great harm to the skin and body, as a result of exposure to harmful ultraviolet rays that cause damage to the skin, burning, pigmentation, color change, and the emergence of many health diseases such as skin cancer, and we will talk in this article about the damage of sunlight , And tips for avoiding sun exposure.

Sun damage to the skin:

To keep the skin healthy and free from burns, pigmentation and wrinkles, you should avoid exposure to harmful UV rays for a long time, and there are many sun damage to the skin, including:
  1.  Skin burns: When exposed to ultraviolet light for a long time, it causes skin burns, irritation, redness, and allergic reactions, which lead to the appearance of pimples on the skin.
  2. The rash: As the rash is a small-sized red color pill that appears on the chest areas, elbows, and neck, and appears as a result of an imbalance in the racial channels responsible for sweating of the skin, and small pimples appear due to the hot and humid climate, and the rash can be eliminated from By staying away from the hot environment and staying in the less hot and cold places, to preserve the skin and prevent it from sweating.
  3. Skin cancer: where sunlight causes serious skin diseases such as basal cell cancer, malignant cancer, or squamous cell cancer, which appears as a result of long exposure to harmful ultraviolet rays, knowing that the older a person gets older the higher the rate of skin cancer.
  4. Wrinkles: As wrinkles appear as a result of the appearance of signs of premature aging, or as a result of aging, as sunlight contributes to the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines on the skin as a result of ultraviolet rays that damage collagen to the skin, making it pale and free of vitality, and shows a lot of problems Dermatophytes such as blackheads, and whiteheads.

The benefits of sunlight:
Rays increase the serotonin, which is called the happiness hormone, which is responsible for the sense of energy, and when sunlight reaches the human body where it helps to get rid of frustration, through exposure to it during exercise, and picnics in the air.
A change in the level of vitamin D, which lowers the causes of high cholesterol in the body, which results in various heart diseases, where studies confirmed that the proportion of people who die in the winter more than summer due to the absence of sunlight.

It also helps prevent diabetes, protects against Alzheimer's disease, and relieves toothache. It relieves arthritis and softens the stiff joints, as it helps to heat the muscles.

 In addition to that it helps to protect the body from various types of cancer, especially skin cancer, bladder and stomach cancer, and large intestine cancer, and lowers the level of the level of the hormone melatonin, which impedes the ability to have children, and thus it increases the possibility of pregnancy.

How to treat sunburn:
There are many tips that must be followed to protect the skin from the harmful sun rays that cause its burns, by applying sunscreen and wearing protective clothing, including:
Use of cold water baths: The cold water shower helps get rid of the pain and reduces it. After bathing in cold water, the skin is dried with a soft towel, but with a little hydration, applying the moisturizer and the ease of absorbing the skin to it, and making it moist, dry skin.

 Putting refreshments with aloe vera or soy ingredients:
As soy and aloe vera help soothe and cool the burned skin from harmful UV rays, some over-the-counter creams can be applied, help heal sunburn from the skin like hydrocortisone cream, and avoid applying "cayenne" creams (such as benzocaine), To protect the skin from irritation and redness.

Take some sunburn medications:
Whereas when taking aspirin or ibuprofen, these medications reduce irritation and sensitivity of the skin of the skin subject to burns to ultraviolet rays, and drink an additional amount of water, where if sunburn causes dry skin, and when drinking a large amount of water, it moisturizes the skin and prevents it from drying out .

 Protect skin with sunburn when exposed to the outside atmosphere:
This is because the skin with UV burns needs protection during exposure to the outside atmosphere, by covering the skin with a piece of woven fabric to prevent sunlight from reaching the skin.

Wear sunscreen:
There are some clothes that help protect skin skin from harmful UV rays, such as sunglasses with UV protection, long-sleeved shirts and pants, and wearing wide-brimmed hats, to keep skin healthy and prevent it from UV damage. The baby's skin also needs sun protection by choosing sunscreen and protective clothing appropriate for their age.

Maintaining sunscreen on a daily basis:
Where the skin needs protection from the outside atmosphere of the sun, whether it is sunny or cloudy, to protect the skin from burns and pigmentation of the skin, and choose a protective cream that contains a protection rate of not less than thirty degrees, and a situation before exposure to the outside atmosphere for a period of not less than 15 minutes, Renew the protective cream every two hours, when swimming, or expose the skin to perspiration.
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