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Causes and symptoms of iron deficiency and its treatment methods

Iron metal is found naturally in many foods, as it is added to other foods industrially, and is also available in the form of nutritional supports, and the human body needs iron because it is an essential component for the growth and development of the human body, as it is important for the functions of the body cells and the manufacture of some hormones and tissues in the body Iron is necessary for the manufacture of hemoglobin protein, and it is considered part of the red blood cells that can be likened to taxis to transport oxygen and carbon dioxide; where hemoglobin picks up oxygen from the lungs and transports it through the bloodstream, then connects it to the various tissues of the body so that the cells can produce a Energy, and then it captures carbon dioxide from the cells to move it to the lungs and get rid of it, [and despite the availability of iron in many foods, many people do not get enough of their daily needs from it, and iron deficiency is the most common type of nutritional deficiency in The world increases its incidence rates in children and women, especially pregnant women, as it causes children developmental delays in addition to disturbances in its behavior. As for pregnant women, it increases the chances of premature birth and having low birth weight, and iron is present in all cells of the human body. many of Vital functions: It acts as a transporter of oxygen from the lungs to the different tissues of the body.

Causes of iron deficiency:
Iron deficiency is considered one of the most common causes of anemia, and it has many causes and it is not eating enough quantities of iron-containing foods. There are also many foods rich in iron, such as meat, eggs, and some leafy vegetables, and as iron is an essential component of the human body. Especially during the formation and development stage, it is recommended that children and pregnant women eat large quantities of these foods.

Childbirth and menstrual bleeding:
Menstrual bleeding as well as bleeding at birth is considered one of the most common causes of iron deficiency in women, and suffering from internal bleeding, and there are pathological conditions that cause this, such as stomach ulcers, the presence of benign tumors in the colon and small intestine, in addition to colon cancer, as well as use Frequent pain relievers, such as aspirin, for example, these medications may cause stomach bleeding.

The body's inability to absorb iron:
Suffering from certain medical conditions and undergoing surgeries may affect the ability of the intestine to absorb iron from food. One of these diseases is Celiac disease, which is one of the autoimmune diseases, in which the antibodies against the immune system attack and destroy the lining of the small intestine and surgeries that cause iron deficiency. The so-called gastric bypass.
Vascular dysplasia:
 And when the blood vessels are dysfunctional, fragile and superficial, and thus are highly susceptible to bleeding, suffering from chronic kidney disease and inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohns disease, esophagitis, intestinal infection of the parasite, exposure to a large wound, as well as donating large amounts of blood .

Signs and symptoms of iron deficiency:

 A slight deficiency in iron in the human body may not cause anemia, and even if it causes it, the patient may not have any signs or symptoms, but if the iron deficiency anemia is severe, it may be accompanied by signs and symptoms:
  1. Feeling very tired and tired.
  2.  Suffering from shortness of breath.
  3. Palpitations, which is a feeling of a heartbeat, and the patient may also develop a rapid heart rate and may feel chest pain.
  4. Pale skin color, in addition to itching.
  5.  Feeling pain in the head.
  6.  Tinnitus injury, which is the patient's hearing of sounds coming from inside the body.
  7. Patient disorder.
  8.  Suffering from loss of appetite, especially in infants and children.
  9.  Tongue irritation and ulceration, and the patient may develop painful ulcers on the corners of the mouth.
  10.  Suffering from hair loss.
  11. Nails break, and their shape may change into a spoon, and difficulty swallowing, and some patients may feel a strange desire to eat things that are not eaten, such as paper, snow, and mud, and this sign is called pica.

How is iron deficiency (anemia) treated?

  • Treatment of iron deficiency in the blood begins with taking nutritional supplements that contain iron, which are prescribed by the doctor in order to bridge the deficiency and increase the low levels of iron in your body. Iron supplements are usually iron sulfate, which is taken in the form of tablets two to three times in Today. Some people may experience side effects when eating it: constipation or diarrhea, heartburn, dark black stools, and abdominal pain. The patient may get used to it over time or be replaced by another type.
  •  In addition, it is advised to eat iron-rich food sources, and to avoid habits that may affect iron absorption in your body. Certainly, you need every period and period to conduct a blood test and monitor the improvement of the condition and the effectiveness of treatment, and you may need a blood test that measures hemoglobin levels in the blood every two to four weeks, and all of this of course will not be useful if the underlying problem that causes deficiency is not treated Iron and anemia. For example, if the cause is a drug you take, then an alternative medicine can be prescribed, but if the reason is suffering from a problem of copious menstruation, then there are certainly drugs that help solve the problem, or surgical intervention may be necessary!