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Causes of magnesium deficiency in the body, methods of treatment and its functions

The human body needs a healthy, balanced and integrated diet in order to be able to lead a healthy lifestyle, resist the pressures of daily life, reduce the risk of chronic diseases and maintain health in general, and for a healthy diet to contain all nutrients that include carbohydrates, proteins, and essential fats And vitamins and minerals, and magnesium is considered one of the basic elements that the human body needs, and magnesium is one of the mineral salts that must be present in the diet, and magnesium is the fifth mineral element in terms of the amount of its presence in c M human, where the body of an adult person contains between 20 g to 28 g of magnesium, which is the second mineral salt in terms of the amount of its presence in the cells, and is present in all cells of the body, as it is concentrated in the bones that contain a ratio of 60 % Of the magnesium found in the body, then in the muscles that contain the proportion of 26%, and the rest is found in the soft tissues and body fluids, and the magnesium present in the bones works as a buffer to maintain its percentage in the blood, and the early signs of magnesium deficiency include loss of appetite, headache, nausea, Extreme fatigue and general weakness, as well as a lack of singer Day may cause dysfunction of the nerves and promotes mental problems among some people, and may increase magnesium deficiency risk of developing osteoporosis.
What are the causes of magnesium deficiency:
  The occurrence of problems in the digestive system: where if you have problems in the digestive system such as the leaking intestine, as it is possible that you simply do not absorb a sufficient amount of magnesium from your food and thus you are exposed to a deficiency of magnesium in the body, there are some common causes of infection in the leaking intestine include, Excessive intake of many antibiotics, antacids, antidepressants, too much alcohol consumption, and stress. One of the reasons is the presence of high levels of calcium, because we need calcium to absorb magnesium. However, there must be a balance between the two minerals as high levels of calcium help to block the absorption of magnesium, where studies indicate “that taking calcium supplements without getting enough magnesium can That increases the deficiency of both nutrients. "And researchers have found that many Americans have five times the amount of calcium in the magnesium in their bodies, although the appropriate proportion for the optimal assimilation of both minerals is two to one.

Among the causes of diabetes:
High glucose levels in the kidneys release magnesium out of the body, and people with type 2 diabetes and insulin-resistant may develop a condition of magnesium deficiency or need. Diabetic ketoacidosis, a life-threatening complication of diabetes, can lead to a decrease The level of magnesium in the body. Among the reasons that lead to a deficiency of magnesium in the body are poor diet, pancreatitis, kidney dysfunction, vitamin D deficiency, or taking some medications, such as proton pump inhibitors, diuretics, bisphosphonates, and antibiotics.

Causes of diarrhea, and some medications:
  The individual suffering from chronic diarrhea works to cause an imbalance in the balance of ions in the body, and an imbalance in the levels of magnesium also to become less than normal, and it is worth noting that people who suffer from problems and conditions associated with diarrhea such as: Crohn's disease or what is known as bowel inflammation of the intestine They are more likely to develop magnesium deficiency. And the injury to the failure of organs in the human body, especially the kidneys to drain a large amount of magnesium out of the body, and one of the reasons is to take some medications, as if people take certain types of medicine may lead the body to lose large amounts of magnesium, and the incidence of magnesium deficiency, and examples of those Medicines: diuretics, some antifungals, some drugs used in chemotherapy for cancer patients, and some drugs used to reduce excess stomach acidity, in addition to some hormonal drugs.

Who are the people most at risk of magnesium deficiency:
The people most at risk of magnesium deficiency are those who suffer from diarrhea and other forms of malabsorption, "such as Crohn's disease and celiac disease. People with type 2 diabetes are more likely to have a low level of magnesium because insulin resistance can increase the frequency of urination, and thus mineral excretion in the urine, and elderly people also tend to have lower magnesium levels compared to partially younger people because they are more likely For chronic diseases, as the absorption of magnesium from the intestine decreases as we age, alcoholics are at a high risk of magnesium deficiency.

 Methods of treatment and prevention of magnesium deficiency:
You can treat magnesium deficiency by eating foods that contain high levels of magnesium, such as nuts, especially (almonds, cashews, peanuts), spinach, beans, peanut butter, brown bread, avocado, potatoes, rice, toasted cereals, oatmeal, Moe, apples, raisins, names like (salmon), beef, broccoli, chicken breasts and many others. As for you to follow tips to improve the absorption of magnesium, by eating raw vegetables may improve the absorption of magnesium, reduce or avoid foods rich in calcium two hours or an hour after eating foods rich in magnesium, and avoid a high dose of zinc supplements, treatment of vitamin D deficiency, Flaxseeds, cashews, dark chocolate, and smoking cessation.

To prevent magnesium deficiency, take a supplement:
Your doctor may recommend magnesium supplementation for people with magnesium malabsorption or an underlying health condition that may prevent you from consuming enough magnesium, and doctors recommend that people over 60 years old take a supplement to magnesium, as absorption decreases with age, but you must Anyone who is considering taking supplements speak to the doctor first to ensure that the supplement does not interfere with any medications they may be taking, as the doctor can also advise on whether or not the person needs to take magnesium supplements.

Magnesium functions in the body:
There is 60% of the magnesium present in the body in the bones, where it plays an effective role in its composition, and helps to increase the high intake of magnesium from bone density, and it has a fundamental role in energy representation processes, as it helps to add the last phosphate atom in the three adenosine phosphate ( ATP), and therefore it plays a fundamental role in the body’s ability to use glucose, manufacture fats, proteins, nucleic acids and transport systems in cell membranes, and works as an auxiliary to more than 300 enzymes working in the representation of food ingredients and the formation of many compounds resulting from metabolism processes. Very important in manufacturing processes A protein within the soft tissue cells.

One of its functions is that it is involved with calcium in regulating the work of muscle contractions and blood clotting, as calcium stimulates these processes while magnesium restores them and thus it works to relax the muscles. Magnesium performs its functions with calcium also in maintaining blood pressure and in the work of the lungs, working on Preventing tooth decay by keeping calcium in the teeth, has a role in supporting the work of the immune system, and has a role in the transmission of nerve impulses and the normal functioning of the nervous system, and may have a role in preventing atherosclerosis and heart disease, but this use requires more scientific research to prove it, And Studies date an active role in magnesium lower blood pressure in people with high blood pressure, and helps to support the work of insulin and constitutes one of magnesium causes the positive impact of eating whole grains on the work of insulin.